Green Fraud: What exactly is it?

Green fraud is on the rise, but what exactly is it? In this article, Intelligencia Training explores some common examples of green fraud and what Fraud Investigators should look for in cases.

Green fraud, also known as environmental fraud, refers to any activity that misrepresents the environmental benefits or impacts of a product or service. It can include false or misleading claims about a company’s environmental practices, products, or services that are designed to deceive consumers or investors.

Examples of green fraud include:

  • False or exaggerated claims about a product’s energy efficiency or environmental impact. For example, a company might claim that its products are “100% renewable” or “carbon-neutral,” but the products are not as environmentally friendly as advertised.
  • Falsely claiming compliance with environmental regulations. A company might claim that it is compliant with environmental regulations, but it may be violating these regulations or not taking sufficient steps to reduce its environmental impact.
  • False or misleading advertising. A company might use images or language that implies that its products are environmentally friendly, but they are not.
  • Greenwashing. This is a practice where companies use marketing tactics to make their products or services appear more environmentally friendly than they are. For example, a company might use a green logo or make vague claims about being “eco-friendly” without providing any specifics.

Key signs that Fraud Investigators should look for in cases of green fraud include:

  • Claims that seem too good to be true. For example, a company might claim that its products are “100% green” or “zero-waste,” but these claims may not be supported by evidence.
  • Lack of transparency. A company that is genuinely committed to reducing its environmental impact should be willing to provide information about its practices and policies.
  • Inconsistencies in claims. A company might claim to be environmentally friendly in some areas but not others, or it might make contradictory claims.
  • Lack of third-party certifications or verifications. Companies that are genuinely committed to reducing their environmental impact will often seek out certifications or verifications from independent organisations to demonstrate their commitment.
  • Non-disclosure of negative environmental impacts. Companies that are engaged in green fraud may not disclose negative environmental impacts, such as pollution or resource depletion.

In conclusion, green fraud is a growing, serious issue that can mislead consumers and investors. Fraud Investigators should look for key signs of green fraud, such as false or exaggerated claims, lack of transparency, inconsistencies in claims, lack of third-party certifications or verifications, and non-disclosure of negative environmental impacts.

To support the capability of Fraud Investigators, Intelligencia Training is the leading provider of the Level 4 Counter Fraud Investigator Apprenticeship Standard. This apprenticeship provides a levy-funded training opportunity that allows for parity across sectors and comprehensive development of all knowledge, skills and behaviours associated with being an effective and competent investigation professional.

For more information, visit or contact Intelligencia Training via email / telephone 01234 381660.

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